Technological Process

How does Cv̄ictus make carbon net negative nourishment for aquaculture and animals?

Cv̄ictus combines five proven technologies to make an economically competitive and carbon net negative livestock and aquaculture feed product called Cp̄rute. 


The first step is to produce hydrogen-rich synthesis gas (or syngas) through underground coal gasification.  Cv̄ictus founders have over 40 years of hands-on underground coal gasification experience and the process has been performed for over 60 years around the world.  This thermo-chemical process converts coal located deep underground to syngas without mining or burning any coal or using fresh water. 


Second, the syngas created deep underground is piped to the surface and purified for the production of methanol.  Converting syngas to methanol is a common chemical industry process that is over 100 years old.  During the syngas cleanup, CO2 is captured for sequestration and clean green hydrogen is collected to fuel the burgeoning hydrogen economy, with a source of hydrogen that does not impact freshwater resources. 


Third, methanol feeds the growth of the single cell protein in a fermenter.  The microorganisms in the fermenter actually consume the carbon and hydrogen in the methanol to grow single cell proteins.  There have been over 300,000 tests conducted on this protein with fish and livestock and the protein is approved as an animal feed by the European Union.  Commercial production shut down in 1988 because they lacked a low-cost source of methanol.  We’ve successfully reproduced the protein at both the Canadian National Bio-fermentation Lab in Montreal and at the University of Alberta in Edmonton and can produce protein very economically with our low-cost gasification and methanol.   


The CO2 that is removed from syngas and collected from the methanol reactor and fermenter is then injected back underground for permanent storage.  Removal of hydrogen and other beneficial gases from the coal seam creates enough space to geologically sequester the CO2.  Cv̄ictus’s production process emits almost no CO2 and our product enables reforestation that can remove gigatons of CO2 from the atmosphere.  Cp̄rute is far less carbon intensive than the soybean meal Cp̄rute displaces. And reducing soybean cultivation helps save the Amazon and other forests, which would reduce atmospheric CO2 levels.


Finally, some energy is used to cogenerate electricity and heat to dry and prepare the single cell protein for consumption as Cp̄rute. 

A block flow diagram of Cvictus's single cell protein production process described above.